Prof. Dr. Thomas Metzinger

Research focus

  • Analytical philosophy of mind
  • Philosophy of cognitive science
  • Philosophical problems of neuroscience
  • Applied ethics (especially for neurotechnology, AI, and virtual reality; plus conceptual connections between ethics, anthropology, and philosophy of mind)

E-mail:        <lastname> @
Voicemail:  +49 (0) 6131/39-23279



Free download is here.
You are looking for the PPP-website? Philosophy and Predictive Processing
You are looking for the Open MIND-website?    Open MIND
Sie suchen die deutsche Webseite?   Deutsche Seite

Special Issue, all completely open access:
Metzinger, T. & Millière, R. (2020b). Radical Disruptions of Self-Consciousness. Philosophy and the Mind Sciences, 1(I).
In a new journal, all completely open access: Philosophy and the Mind Sciences.
Edited by Sascha Fink, Wanja Wiese und Jennifer Windt.

The Festschrift for my 60th birthday: 55 authors, 28 contributions, all completely open access.
Edited by Sascha Fink, Wanja Wiese und Jennifer Windt.

Recent work on mind wandering:   Spontaneous and task-unrelated thought

Looking for those older papers on out-of-body experiences?  OBE

(1) Public Understanding of Science (non-academic)










Three non-academic essays and an English newspaper article for the listeners of Sam Harris, Tony Sobdrado, and Michael Taft:

(2) Some English material on the ethics of Artificial Intelligence and Virtual Reality

→ More policy papers by the German Effective Altruism Foundation are here.

(3) Peer-reviewed & Open Access (Academic)

(4) Peer-reviewed & Print (Academic)

  • Solomon, R., Noel, J.-P., Łukowska, M., Faivre, N., Metzinger, T., Serino, A. & Blanke, O. (2017). Unconscious integration of multisensory bodily inputs in the peripersonal space shapes bodily self-consciousness. Cognition, 166 (September 2017), 174-183.
  • Pliushch, I. & Metzinger T. (2015o). Self-deception and the Dolphin Model of Cognition. In Rocco J. Gennaro (Hrsg.), Disturbed Consciousness. New Essays on Psychopathology and Theories of Consciousness. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Pp. 167-208.
  • Metzinger, T. (2014e). How does the brain encode epistemic reliability? Perceptual presence, phenomenal transparency, and counterfactual richness. Cognitive Neuroscience: doi: 10.1080/17588928.2014.905519
  • Metzinger, T. (2014f). What is the specific significance of dream research for philosophy of mind? In N. Tranquillo (ed.), Dream Consciousness. Allan Hobson’s New Approach to the Brain and Its Mind. Vienna Circle Institute Library 3, (Chapter 22), 161-166. Cham: Springer. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-07296-8_22
  • Metzinger, T. (2014h). First-order embodiment, second-order embodiment, third-order embodiment: From spatiotemporal self-location to minimal phenomenal selfhood (Chapter 26). In Lawrence Shapiro (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Embodied Cognition. London: Routledge. Pp. 272-286.